There is a lot of small equipment in a hand to protect. The human hand is made up of 4 fingers + an opposable thumb, 29 bones, 48 nerves, and 34 muscles. Gloves are designed in a variety of different ways to protect those parts.
There are several types of gloves, such as leather, cotton, machine-knit, high-performance, disposable and more. Each is created to address a specific need and level of protection. For example, the hand protection needs and requirements of a farmer or rancher will vary greatly from those of an HVAC technician.